The first book in the series "The Genesis Race" was published by Inner Traditions in 2003. (Still available on Amazon) The book received excellent reviews. The author has appeared on such talk shows as Coast-to- Coast, the Shirley McClaine show, Whitley Strieber's Dreamland, RedIce Radio and more..
In the initial volume the author examined the cultural, historical and some archeological evidence showing that an extraterrestrial civilization intervened in human history and left evidence in the record. "The Genesis Race II -Cosmic Ancestry" examines the scientific evidence that reveals how this advanced society seeded life on earth, bio-engineered the human race and left their imprint, the Great Pyramid and other ancient relics at vaious sites around the globe.
Genesis Race II Excerpts:
CH. 2 Hart- The Genesis Race -Cosmic Ancestry (copyright 2012)
The notion that life originated elsewhere in the universe - and later arrived on earth - is not the stuff of any science fiction writer's imagination. Today it is a solid scientific theory that explains how life began on earth.
The first documented mention of the idea appears in the writings of the 5th century BC Greek philosopher Anaxagoras. He called his thesis, panspermia, a Greek term, that means 'seeds everywhere'.
Several millenia later, on April 9, 1864, French chemist Louis Pasteur reported his experiment disproving spontaneous generation as it was then held to occur. This was a devastating blow to Darwin's theory, regards the origin of life on earth, which held that life began on earth as a direct result of spontaneous generation.
Then in the 1870s, British physicist Lord Kelvin and German physicist Hermann von Helmholtz einforced Pasteur's findings and argued that life might have originated in space and been ransported to earth. Next, in the first decade of the 1900s, Swedish chemist and Nobel aureate, Svante Arrhenius theorized that bacterial spores -- propelled through space by light pressure -- was the mechanism that seeded life on Earth.
In his day the concept was pure scientific speculation because it had not been proven that life forms could survive the extreme conditions of interstellar space. In fact, most scientists at the time were not convinced that it could.. However, science has since shown that such life forms called extremophiles, do indeed exist.
In the 1960's, Sir Fred Hoyle and Chandra Wickrahmasinge were trying to identify the contents of intersellar dust by finding something that would match its infrared signature. Both were stronmers, not biologists, and neither was out to prove the tenets of panspermia. When they egan working on this problem in the early 1960s, the standard theory posited that the spectrum could be adequately explained by nonliving graphite grains.
But an imperfect match between the theoretical and actual spectra - and an implausible account f the formation of the grains - pushed Hoyle and Wickramasinghe to explore other possibilities. n their work - and that of other astronmers and astrobilogists - molecules that are more closely elated to biology began to enter the picture.
As their research proceeded other noted researchers reported finding polycyclic aromatic olecules in interstellar dust signatures. Then in 1972, persuasive evidence showing that the dust contained porphyrins was also obtained.
Next, in 1974, Wickramasinghe demonstrated that complex organic polymers, specifically olecules of "polyformaldehyde", existed in space. These molecules are closely related to ellulose, which is very abundant in biology. By 1975, Hoyle and Wickramasinghe were onvinced that organic polymers were a substantial fraction of intersellar dust. Of couse, this line f reasoning was considered wildly speculative at that time.
Afte the middle 1970s, they turned their attention to an apparent anomaly in the spectrum. This spectral feature could be explained if the grains of dust were of a specific size and translucent as well. After trying to fit every known factor to conform to the spectral data and failing; they decided to look at the spectrum for bacteria.
Dried bacteria refract light as irregularly shaped, hollow spheres, which did fit the data and thepair discovered that their size range was also appropriate. The match between the spectrum for dried bacteria and the ones from the interstellar grains was nearly perfect. Hoyle and Wickramasinghe concluded that the grains were probably dried, frozen bacteria
Today the panspermia theory posits that the seeds of life proceed when microbes become trapped in debris that is ejected into space after collisions between planets that harbor life and Small Solar System Bodies (SSSB). These living organisms (bacteria) travel in a dormant state for prolonged periods of time before colliding randomly with other planets or intermingling with protoplanetary disks.
According to the theory, if a given planet presents the right conditions, the bacteria become active and the process of evolution begins. Panspermia is not meant to address the ultimate question of how life began. It only addresses the issue of the mechanisms and methods that cause life to spread, be sustained, and to have arrived on the earth.
The theory does not claim that life only originated a specfici point and was subsequently spread throughout the entire Universe. Instead it argues that once started, it may have been able to spread to other environments suitable for replication via microbes travelling through space..
Today the notion of interplanetary transfer of material is well documented, as shown by eterorites of Martian origin found on Earth. Of course this was unknown to Anaxagoras or the ater 19th century panspermia proponents. This evidence was forthcoming as a direct result of late 20th century space exploration.
The proof that extremophiles do exist and that they do travel through space is a strong piece of evidence in support of some form of panspermia. Some bacteria grow at temperatures as high as 113°C. At the other end, microbes can thrive at temperatures as low as -18°C; many can be preserved in liquid nitrogen at -196°C. Researchers have found that they can also tolerate high doses of ionizing and UV radiation, extreme pressure, etc.
These observations suggest that it is difficult to define the conditions that favor life, and make it harder for science to claim that life is unique to Earth.
Mounting data derived from space probes supports the panspermia theory, which predicts the existence of extremophiles. If the interstellar dust was devoid of any signs of life and our space probes had not discovered extrremephiles then panspermia would not fit the data. There is yet another piece of evidence that supports panspermia, the discovery that water is also not unique to the earth.
Mars is believed to have contained water in the past. Space scientists are also excited about the possible presence of life on Europa, one of Jupiter’s moons, which has been fueled by speculations that this moon may have underground oceans.
The fact that organic matter is relatively common in space could also support the idea of extraterrestrial life. Organic matter is composed of compounds that contain carbon. All living things on Earth are carbon-based. A variety of organic compounds have been detected in meteorites that have landed on earth, including amino acids, which are the building blocks of proteins.The latter being one of the primary components of living cells.
The presence of carbon-based matter in meteorites supports the possibility that life on our planet could have come from outer space. But, even though life on earth is composed of organicmatter, that in itself, is not considered life. We cannot yet conclusively prove that life exists in outter space and was transported to earth via bacteria. Nonetheless, we are getting closer to that conclusion.
For the sake of argument, we shall put ourselves at the point in time when the compiled evidence is so strong that it leads science to conclude that life originated elsewhere in space. Now we must still determine how life arrived on Earth.
There is another theory that goes beyond the simple and random spread of life -via microbes- mbedded in rocks or pushed by light waves. Directed panspermia takes the theory a quantum leap farther by proposing that the microbes that arrived on earth were intentionly sent here by a highly advanced civilization.
Once again this may sound like the stuff or science fiction novels but it is not. In fact, it wasproposed by Nobel Prize winner, Sir Francis Crick, the eminent microbiologist who co- founded the shape of the DNA molecule in the 1950s. Given Crick's unimpeachable scientific credentials, no one can dismiss this theory out of hand, and not him or herself, come under close scientific scrutiny.
Crick presented his view of directed panspermia and the arguments in support of this theory, along with co-author L.E. Orgel, in a small and little-known book titled "Life Itself" published in 1982. At the time he was a member of the Medical Research Councel, Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge England. Orgel worked for The Salk Institute for Biological Studies based in San Diego, California. In a paper they co-authored that same year they wrote the following:
"It was not until the middle of the nineteenth century that Pasteur and Tyndall completed the demonstration that spontaneous generation is not occurring on the earth nowadays. Darwin and a number of other biologists concluded that life must have evloved long ago when conditions were more favourable. A number of scientists, however, from terrestrial nonliving matter nowadays, it may never have done so. Hence, they argued, life reached the earth as an "infection" from another planet...drew a quite different conclusion. They supposed that if life does not evolve
They also addressed the issue of undirected panspermia:
" It now seems unlikely that extraterrestrial living organisms could have reached
the earth either as spores driven by the radiation pressure from another star or
as living organisms imbedded in a meteorite. As an alternative to these
nineteenth-century mechanisms, we have considered Directed Panspermia, the
theory that organisms were deliberately transmitted to the earth by intelligent
beings on another planet. We conclude that it is possible that life reached the
earth in this way...
[The author argued for this view in his first book, "The Genesis Race", though primarily based upon cultural and archeological evidence. There simply is no other way to explain why virtually all cultures around the globe agree that 'gods' (an advanced race) came to earth to teach them the arts of civilzation. In addition, there is also no way to explain the sudden appearance of a highly sophisticated and massive building complex- such as the Great Pyramid - from a culture that did not even possess the wheel.]
-Next excerpt on Genesis2 button-